Features of Selected Bones


Features of Selected Bones

Illustrate these disarticulated bones and include the listed features with labels (handle with care and respect please, they are real & fragile).
Enter in your book on pages in this order:

First set of pages:
Facing pages (illustrations 1 and 2):
1) cervical and thoracic vertebra
2) lumbar vertebra and articulated atlas and axis
3) sacrum
4) scapula

Second set of pages
Facing pages (illustrations 5 and 6):
5) humerus front and back
6) radius and ulna
7) hand and wrist
8) os coxa
9) ankle and foot

Articulated C-1 and C-2 :labeled drawing of vertebra( top rear view of the articulated bones) (one picture)
atlas: no centrum, articular surface for odontoid process, no spinous process
axis: odontoid process (dens) (Martini’s 5th: p 215)
Here is a labeled view of articulated C-1 and C-2.

Here is a labeled view of atlas and axis with spinous process at top.


Cervical : most delicate of the vertebrae (Martini’s 5h: p 215-218)
Unique cervical features: transverse foramina, bifurcated spinous process

Thoracic : label features common to all vertebrae:
centrum, neural arch, vertebral foramen, pedicle, spinous process, lamina, superior articular processes, transverse process, Draw small side view of a thoracic vertebra showing the demifacets and the vertebral notches which form intervertebral foramina for spinal nerves. Unique thoracic features:demifacets for articulation with rib head, seen from side (except for 11th and 12th.), articular facets on transverse processes (for rib tubercle) and long delicate spinous processes

Here is a labeled view of a thoracic vertebra.
Here is a labeled side view of articulated thoracic vertebrae.
Here is a labeled picture of the articulation of ribs with vetebra.

Lumbar : heavy centra, broad heavy spinous process, transverse process lacks facets

Sacrum:(posterior view): dorsal sacral foramina, superior articular facet, auricular surface (on sides, for os coxa), (ala), median sacral crest, sacral canal, sacral hiatus.
Here is a labeled view of the sacrum.

Scapula : (posterior view): labeled drawing scapulaacromion process, coracoid process, spine of the scapula, supraspinous fossa, infraspinous fossa, glenoid fossa, vertebral border, axillary border
Here is a labeled image of the posterior scapula.

23.4. Bones of the arm: (two pages: two views of humerus on first,
ulna and radius on facing page)

Humerus: (anterior and posterior views): head, greater tubercle, lesser tubercle, intertubercular groove, deltoid tuberosity, lateral epicondyle, medial epicondyle, trochlea, coronoid fossa, capitulum, olecranon fossa


Ulna : (lateral view) olecranon process, trochlear notch (semilunar notch), coronoid process, head, styloid process, radial notch
Radius : head, neck, radial tuberosity, styloid process, ulnar notch

Here is a labled view of the right ulna and radius.
(Here it is in vertical orientation.)
Here is a labeled view of supination and pronation.

Articulated bones of the wrist and hand, labeled drawing, wrist and handventral view (trace around your hand as a model):
include distal ulna and radius
proximal row of carpals: scaphoid lunate triquetrum pisiform
distal row of carpals: trapezium trapezoid capitate hamate
first through fifth metacarpals, proximal, middle and distal phalanges.

Here is a labeled view of the bones of the hand.
Here is another labeled view of the right forearm before and after pronation.

Here is a collage of chicken femur pictures for you to label.

Os coxa, lateral view with acetabulum and obturator foramen: labeled drawing, os coxa (Note differences between male and female .)
a: ilium: iliac crest, anterior superior iliac spine, anterior inferior iliac spine, posterior superior iliac spine, posterior inferior iliac spine, greater sciatic notch
b: pubic bone: pubic tubercle, inferior ramus
c: ischium: ischial spine, ischial tuberosity, ischial ramus

Here is a labeled lateral view of the right os coxa.
Here is a labeled view of male versus female pelvices.
Here is a labeled view of the female pelvis.
Here is a labeled view of the male pelvis.


Articulated bones of the ankle to metatarsals , top view:labeled drawing, ankle and foot
talus, calcaneus, navicular, medial cuneiform, intermediate cuneiform, lateral cuneiform, cuboid, first through fifth metatarsals
Here is a labeled view of the bones of the right foot.

Detail, superior view tarsals:

VERTEBRA (on facing pages: two pictures on each page, same scale, superior views for all)

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