The Hind Limb Joints of a Deer

The Hind Limb Joints of a Deer

Here is the hip joint labeled. Here is a labeled view of the knee joint.

HIP JOINT

hip_labrum_PB191209
Cut open the pubofemoral capsule to reveal the labrum
hip_ligamentum_teres_PB191210
As the capsule is cut open further, the ligamentum teres can be seen within the acetabulum
hip_ligamentum_teres_PB191211
With the entire capusle cut, the head of the femur can be pulled aside showing the ligamentum teres connecting to the acetabulum and the acetabular labrum around the edge of the acetabulum.

Here is a labeled version of the same hip joint.

femoral_head__PB191213
This close up of the head of the femur shows the articular cartilage which covers it (white, smooth hyaline, the fovea capitis at which the ligamentum teres attaches, and theturned back synovial membrane which lines the inside of the articular capsule.
hip_dissected_PB191212
The femur and the acetabulum separated and lined up

KNEE JOINT

(These pictures were taken during dissection of both the right and left knees. Those taken of the left knee have been rotated so they all have the same relationship and either are or appear to be the right knee…)

knee_deer_PB191214
Undissected knee of a deer (patella on the upper R of picture).
medial_collateral_PB191219
Articular capsule has been opened up to see the patellar surface of the femur. The lateral collateral ligament is seen at the left of the specimen.
patella_patellar_surface_PB191216
Open capsule showing the the patellar surface of the femur to the left, and the articular surface of the patella to the right.
lateral_colateral_PB191202crop
Lateral collateral ligament attaches the femur to the tibia (deer have no discernable fibula to which this ligament attaches in humans).
posterior_cruciate_PB191204
Cut through the popliteal portion of the articular capsule to reveal the posterioir cruciate ligament. The medial meniscus is visible just to the right of the PCL.
cruciate_ligaments_PB191218
Cruciate ligaments of the knee are visible between the femoral condyles.
anterior_cruciate_PB191205md_up
Knee joint opened up to show the cruciate ligaments and the menisci. The femoral condyles and patellar surface are clear as well.
menisci_PB191207
surface of tibial menisci on knee.

proximal surface of the tibia show the menisci and the remnants of the cruciate ligaments. The remains of the patellar ligament is at the top of the picture
Here is a labeled version of the same hip joint.

distal_end_femur_PB191208

The distal end of the femur shows the stumps of the cruciate ligaments in the intercondylar fossa.
Here is a labeled view of the knee joint.

patellar_surface_PB191203

patellar surface of the femur

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